Chapter 9

 

  1. Why don’t the white Kuckachookians know that Old Man Adams left the garden for blacks and whites to share?
  2. Why does Mr. Mudge want to use Old Man Adams’s land to build a school instead of a garden?
  3. What is integration? What does the mayor mean when he says, “Integration here? That ain’t nothin’ but a thousand never evers!”
  4. In 1954, in a case called Brown v. Topeka Board of Education, the Supreme Court ordered that all schools in the United States integrate. This story takes place nine years later, in 1963. How is it possible that schools in Mississippi still were not integrated, so many years after the Supreme Court order?
  5. What kind of gesture did Miss Springer make after Mama spilled the tea on the rug? What can you figure out or infer about Miss Springer based on this gesture?

 

 

VIDEO—JIM CROW SOUTH (2 min.)

In chapter 9, Addie Ann talks about the white swimming pool in Kuckachoo. (There was no “Negro swimming pool” in her town.) Separate swimming pools and separate schools are examples of Jim Crow Laws that were passed throughout the country. Another Jim Crow Law that existed in many states required separate waiting rooms in bus stations and train stations.

Shana Burg went to visit the Dixie Greyhound Bus Station in Greenwood, Mississippi. It is no longer in operation, but the building has been preserved by a historic society called Main Street Greenwood.

After you watch the video, click here to read some Jim Crow Laws that were passed in several states across the United States.  Pick two of these laws and rewrite them in your own words, so that a young child could understand what they mean.

After you view the video clip, answer these questions:

  1. Who did the Jim Crow Laws discriminate against beside African Americans?
  2. White people who enacted these laws typically said that facilities for people of color and white people were separate but equal, meaning everyone had access to the same swimming pools, the same schools, the same waiting rooms. Do you think this was true? Why or why not?
  3. When did segregation in public places stop? Use specific examples to support your answer.

Going Deeper:

Click here to see an advertisement that was placed in Mississippi’s newspaper, The Clarion-Ledger, in October, 1962. What was the purpose of this advertisement?

In many states, laws were passed that discriminated against Latinos.

Do you think schools in the United States are integrated today? Click here for more information.

 

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